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Major fires an increasing risk as the air gets thirstier, research shows

Published in Nature Communications, researchers have examined global climate and fire records in all of the world’s forests over the last 20 years. The researchers found that in all kinds of forests, there is a strong link between fire activity and vapour pressure deficit (VPD), which is a measure of the atmosphere’s thirst. VPD is …

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Engineers use quantum computing to develop transparent window coating that blocks heat, saves energy

Tengfei Luo, the Dorini Family Professor of Energy Studies at the University of Notre Dame, and postdoctoral associate Seongmin Kim have devised a transparent coating for windows that does just that. The coating, or transparent radiative cooler (TRC), allows visible light to come in and keeps other heat-producing light out. The researchers estimate that this …

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Researchers create method for making net-zero aviation fuel

Led by Jagan Jayachandran, assistant professor of aerospace engineering, and Adam Powell, associate professor of mechanical and materials engineering, the work helps address an urgent climate change problem. Aviation accounts for approximately 2.5% of all global greenhouse emissions, according to the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), and that number is only expected to increase. …

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To battle climate change, scientists tap into carbon-hungry microorganisms for clues

The new approach, reported in Nature Catalysis, could help advance carbon-free alternatives to fossil fuels linked to global warming and climate change. The work is also the first demonstration of a device that mimics how these bacteria naturally synthesize acetate from electrons and CO2. “What’s amazing is that we learned how to selectively convert carbon …

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