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Land-Building Marsh Plants

A new study published May 6 in Science by a team of Dutch, American and German scientists shows that it’s not too late to reverse the losses. The key to success, the paper’s authors say, is using innovative restoration practices — identified in the new paper — that replicate natural landscape-building processes and enhance the …

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Water Scarcity

The new study examines current and future water requirements for global agriculture and predicts whether the water levels available, either from rainwater or irrigation, will be sufficient to meet those needs under climate change. To do so, the researchers developed a new index to measure and predict water scarcity in agriculture’s two major sources: soil …

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In Sediments Below Antarctic Ice

Now, a team has for the first time mapped a huge, actively circulating groundwater system in deep sediments in West Antarctica. They say such systems, probably common in Antarctica, may have as-yet unknown implications for how the frozen continent reacts to, or possibly even contributes to, climate change. The research appears today in the journal …

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Rapid Adaptation of DeepLearning

Right now, drones are either flown under controlled conditions, with no wind, or are operated by humans using remote controls. Drones have been taught to fly in formation in the open skies, but those flights are usually conducted under ideal conditions and circumstances. However, for drones to autonomously perform necessary but quotidian tasks, such as …

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‘Lost’ coral species resurrected

Lead author PhD student David Juszkiewicz, from the Coral Conservation and Research Group within the Trace and Environmental DNA (TrEnD) Laboratory in Curtin’s School of Molecular and Life Sciences, said researchers found the coral Plesiastrea versipora, which is widespread in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, was actually hiding a second, cryptic species. “The speciesPlesiastrea peroni was described …

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Anti-idling campaign reduces idling time at elementary schools

“Idling at schools during drop-off and pick-up times is a substantial problem,” says study lead author Daniel Mendoza, a research assistant professor in the University of Utah’s Department of Atmospheric Sciences and visiting assistant professor in the Department of City & Metropolitan Planning. “The anti-idling campaign was effective in reducing not only the number of …

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Hydroponic plants to detox PFAS-contaminated water

Conducted in partnership with CSIRO and the University of Western Australia, the research found that PFAS chemicals (per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances) can be removed from contaminated water via Australian native rushes — Phragmites australis, Baumea articulata, and Juncus kraussii. Phragmites australis, otherwise known as the common reed, removed legacy PFAS contaminants by 42-53 per cent …

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